First, apologies for the quality of this picture. I took it at 3pm, when it should still have been light, but as it never really did get light I used ISO 3200, and took it on f 6.3 at 1/30th sec, the equivalent of what Dave Cotteridge used to call f8 for a something fortnight. Even so the point I want to make about this Blackbird is quite clear. On Autumn watch Chris Packham been talking about male blackbirds with black, or at least, dull bills. I've had quite a big influx of Blackbirds in the garden today and at least two where obviously males but the beaks showed little sign of yellow or orange. I can't find anything about other races that migrate here with duller bills in BWP or the in the Helm Thrushes monograph. The influx of Blackbirds from Northern and North-Eastern Europe should belong to the same sub-species (race) that we have here, Turdus merula merula, and I can find no references to them having different coloured bare parts. This bird does show a slight yellowish eye-ring. By this stage of the winter I think first year birds from the UK already show yellow bills, but I suppose some may be a bit delayed.